Equivalences between learning of data and probability distributions, and their applications


Algorithmic learning theory traditionally studies the learnability of effective infinite binary sequences (reals), while recent work by Vitányi and Chater has adapted this framework to the study of learnability of effective probability distributions from random data. We prove that for certain families of probability measures that are parametrized by reals, learnability of a subclass of probability measures is equivalent to learnability of the class of the corresponding real parameters. This equivalence allows to transfer results from classical algorithmic theory to learning theory of probability measures. We present a number of such applications, providing many new results regarding EX and BC learnability of classes of measures, thus drawing parallels between the two learning theories.

Information and Computation